FOCUS AREAS - INFORMATION ABOUT HIV & AIDS
What is HIV?
HIV is an abbreviation for human immunodeficiency virus. In some old books you will find the term HTLV-III and LAV. The term used today is HIV. HIV is a virus that attacks parts of the immune system. When the virus enters the body, it breaks down parts of the body´s defense against bacteria, viruses and fungi.
After the virus has been in the body for a while, many HIV-positive people become sick with opportunistic infections. These are infections that lie dormant in most people, but that will not give any signs as far as the immune system is in good condition. This could include fungal infections, toxoplasmosis and some types of cancer.
Stages of HIV infection
A person who is carrying the HIV virus is HIV infected. HIV can be asymptomatic (not symptom giving) or symptomatic. One can divide an HIV infection in several stages:
Acute HIV infection Shortly after infection (3-6 weeks) some – not all – show acute HIV infection with flu-like symptoms. The most common symptoms are fever, throat pain and swollen lymph nodes. It can also be a rash, diarrhea, coughing and coating on the tonsils.
Asymptomatic HIV infection Most people with asymptomatic HIV infection do not show symptoms for many years. However,some suffer form enlarged lymph nodes in several places in the body.
Symptomatic HIV infection Usually after many years, the HIV infected person loses weight and becomes plagued by fever, night sweats, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, diarrhea, fungal infection in the mouth, shingles and growing pains with outbreaks of herpes.Many have no symptoms at all and the only way to determine HIV infection is to take HIV test.
Updates from the outpatient clinic at Ullevål
The outpatient clinic for infectious diseases at OUS will only function digitally from today Friday the 13th of March. The clinic will be closed for most patients for the time being. This is how it works:
What is AIDS